THE PREVENT DUTY FOR SCHOOLS
The government's Prevent strategy aims to stop people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism and covers all forms of terrorism and extremism.
While it remains rare for children and young people to become involved in terrorist activity, young people from an early age can be exposed to extremist influences or prejudiced views including those of the Far Right and religious based extremism. It is therefore important that we take a proportionate approach and remain vigilant, although the risk may be low.
Schools have a vital role to play in protecting pupils from the risks of extremism and radicalisation, a role which is underpinned by the legal duty in the Counter-Terrorism and Security Act 2015 “to have due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism”.
In addition to this, on 1 September, the Department for Education issued a policy paper outlining how it is tackling extremism through the education and children's services sectors, this can be found here: Preventing extremism in the education and children's services sectors.
It is also important to note that Prevent has been included in Ofsted's framework. The latest framework was updated and published in May 2019 and implemented from September 2019.
You can read full information along with access to guidance and handbooks about the Ofsted Education Inspection.
Keeping children safe from these risks is a safeguarding matter and should be approached in the same way as safeguarding children from other risks.
Preventing people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism also requires challenges to extremist ideas where they are used to legitimise terrorism and are shared by terrorist groups.
Prevent Duty Guidance: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/prevent-duty-guidance/revised-prevent-duty-guidance-for-england-and-wales
The Prevent strategy, is part of CONTEST the UK Governments overall counter-terrorism strategy.
CONTEST has four main objectives:
- Pursue - To stop terrorist attacks
- Prepare - Where an attack cannot be stopped, to mitigate its impact
- Protect - To strengthen overall protection against terrorist attacks
- Prevent - To stop people becoming terrorists or supporting violent extremists
THE PREVENT STRATEGY
The aim of the Prevent strategy is to reduce the threat to the UK from terrorism by stopping people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism. The Prevent strategy has three specific strategic objectives:
- Respond to the ideological challenge of terrorism and the threat we face from those who promote it;
- Prevent people from being drawn into terrorism and ensure that they are given appropriate advice and support; and
- Work with sectors and institutions where there are risks of radicalisation that we need to address.
Terrorist groups often draw on extremist ideology, developed by extremist organisations; some people who join terrorist groups have previously been members of extremist organisations and have been radicalised by them.
PREVENT TOOLKIT FOR SCHOOLS
The local Coventry Prevent Team has produced a toolkit to support school in complying with the Prevent Duty. It includes access to resources and information on referrals, alongside a self-assessment checklist for the senior leadership team.
DEDICATED HELPLINE FOR SCHOOLS
As part of the increased support from the DfE, its Due Diligence and Counter Extremism Group (DDCEG) has been expanded and has recently launched a dedicated telephone helpline (020 7340 7264) to enable school staff and governors to raise concerns relating to extremism directly and in confidence.
Please note that the helpline is not intended for use in emergency situations, such as a child being at risk of harm or a security incident. In these situation’s normal safeguarding procedures should be followed.
SUPPORT FOR SCHOOLS - EDUCATE AGAINST HATE
The purpose of the Educate Against Hate website is to provide practical advice and support to help all individuals with an interest in keeping children safe from the dangers of extremism. This site has been created by the Department for Education and the Home Office. The Website holds information for parents, teachers, school’s leaders and has links to further guidance and resources.
As children grow and become more independent, it is not unusual for them to take risks, explore new things and push boundaries. Teenage years are often a time when young people will be searching for answers to questions about identity, faith and belonging, as well as looking for adventure and excitement.
This can mean that they are particularly vulnerable to extremist groups, who may claim to offer answers, as well as identity and a strong social network. And because they know young people are vulnerable, extremist groups often target them using the internet and social media to spread their ideology. There have been a number of tragic examples where young people have been misled by extremist groups, with some travelling to Syria and others becoming involved in hate crimes against minority groups.
PROMOTING BRITISH VALUES IN SCHOOL
Schools should promote the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty, and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs.
This should be done by promoting the Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural (SMSC) development of pupils.
SCHOOLS DUTY OF CARE
Schools have a duty of care to their pupils and staff. This includes safeguarding them from the risk of being drawn into terrorism. Being drawn into terrorism includes not just violent extremism but also non-violent extremism, which can create an atmosphere conducive to terrorism and can popularise views which terrorists exploit.
Schools should be safe spaces in which children and young people can understand and discuss sensitive topics, including terrorism and the extremist ideas that are part of the terrorist ideology and learn how to challenge these ideas.
Government Guidance on Keeping Children Safe in Education
DUTIES OF SCHOOL GOVERNORS AND HEAD TEACHERS
In fulfilling the Prevent duty, it is expected that proprietors, governors and head teachers of schools should demonstrate activity in the following areas
- Risk Assessment, Working in Partnership, Staff Training, Safety Online and Monitoring and Enforcement
The following links are helpful sources of advice, guidance and training:
Home Office Online Tutorials and E-Learning
Child Exploitation and Online Protection (CEOPS)
Reporting Online Material Promoting Terrorism or Extremism
Protecting Children from Radicalisation – The Prevent Duty
The use of Social Media for Online Radicalisation
SAFEGUARDING VULNERABLE PEOPLE FROM RADICALISATION IN SCHOOL
Safeguarding vulnerable people from radicalisation is no different from safeguarding them from other forms of harm. The following are indicators which may suggest a person is vulnerable to extremist influences or radicalisation. It is NOT an exhaustive list and is NOT a checklist. Potential Indicators of Radicalisation or Extremism:
- Viewing extreme material online when not for educational purposes
- Communicating with extreme groups or individuals
- Seeking to recruit others to an extremist ideology
- Voicing opinions drawn from extremist ideologies and narratives
- Use of extremist or ‘hate’ terms to exclude others or to promote violence
- Possession of violent extremist literature or advocating violent actions
- Graffiti, symbols, writing or art work promoting extremist messages or images
- Lack of understanding of religious or political views
- Becoming secretive, withdrawn or increasingly isolated
- Appearance drastically changing
- Parental concerns re behavioural changes or changes in friendship and social groups
- New addictions or new obsessions
- Suffering bereavement or loss or struggling to form healthy relationships
REPORTING CONCERNS AT CARDINAL NEWMAN CATHOLIC SCHOOL
Any concerns should be reported to one of the Cardinal Newman Catholic School Designated Safeguarding Officers as listed below. Your concern will be recorded on CPOMS and then dealt with by one of the team in the same way as any other safeguarding issue.
DESIGNATED SAFEGUARDING OFFICERS AT CARDINAL NEWMAN CATHOLIC SCHOOL
Ms Samantha CAHERTY (Designated Safeguarding Lead)
Mrs Christine BEVIS (Deputy Designated Safeguarding Lead)
Mrs Debbie GALVIN (Deputy Designated Safeguarding Lead)
Ms Emma O’CONNOR (Head Teacher) (If no other team member available, for example out of hours procedures, or if disclosure Is against a member of staff )
REPORTING CONCERNS TO OTHER AGENCIES
The Prevent Duty requires that if there are concerns that an individual may be vulnerable to radicalisation around violent extremism then these concerns need to be shared so that appropriate support is provided in order to safeguard those individuals.
A partnership referral form has been prepared to make sure that it is easier to outline and submit the referrals.
To make a Prevent referral a referral form needs to be sent to both of the following email addresses: CTU_GATEWAY@west-midlands.pnn.police.uk and firstname.lastname@example.org or contact West Midlands Police on 101. Always call 999 in an emergency.
If you consider anything to be suspicious or connected with terrorism. Call the Anti-terrorism hotline on 0800 789 321 to report your concerns in the strictest confidence.
PREVENT SUPPORT WITHIN THE LOCAL AUTHORITY
Coventry as a City and partnership has been supporting vulnerable individuals through Prevent for several years.
Since 2009 Coventry has had a multi-agency group called ‘Channel’ providing tailor made interventions to support vulnerable individuals and to challenge the extremist ideology. ‘Channel’ is integrated into the Coventry Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH).
Coventry also has a specific Prevent Co-ordinator and two Prevent Education Officers who will be able to advise and assist with any individual cases.
|Coventry Prevent Co-ordinator:
Coventry Prevent Education Officers:
Risk Management Team
Coventry City Council
4th Floor Broadgate House
PREVENT SUPPORT FROM POLICE PREVENT OFFICERS EASTERN PREVENT TEAM
Coventry & Solihull currently have seven Prevent Officers whose primary safeguarding role is to prevent vulnerable people becoming involved in violent extremism of all kinds.
Sergeant Katie MORRIS, Constables Ian POWELL, Robert ERINMEZ, Lewis CATCLIFFE, Matt SMITH and Caroline BAINES and Police Staff Rebecca SLEVIN are based at Coventry Central Police Station.
They are Prevent Officers appointed to help tackle terrorism through building strong links with local communities thus making them resilient to the extremist narrative.
They also work alongside Neighbourhood Policing Teams to support local citizens, community groups, educational establishments and partner organisations with understanding issues around all forms of extremism and can help guide practitioners with supporting materials. (toolkits, workshops and presentations).
All referrals need to be made to the below email address promptly:
The Eastern Prevent team can be contacted on the below numbers for advice if needed:
OTHER USEFUL PREVENT RELATED LINKS